Environment

30th Anniversary of Montreal Protocol and 23rd World Ozone Day Celebrated

PAN-INDIA  AWARENESS  CAMPAIGN REACHES  OUT TO NEARLY 28  LAKH STUDENTS IN  THE COUNTRY

New Delhi. Highlighting  the strength of the active  collaboration between the  government, industries  and all stakeholders in the implementation of Ozone Depleting  Substances (ODS) phase-out programme in  the country, Union Minister of Environment,  Forest and Climate Change Dr Harsh  Vardhan noted the importance of individual  awareness and the strength of collective  action.

The Minister also laid special emphasis  on the role played by children in ensuring  the success of such campaigns.

Addressing a gathering at the  celebrations of the 30th anniversary of the  Montreal Protocol and 23rd World Ozone  Day in New Delhi September 16 with the  theme “Caring for all life under the Sun”,  the Minister made a special mention of the  pan-India awareness campaign launched by  the Environment Ministry on the occasion.

This campaign was among the most  widespread engagements of the Ministry  for awareness generation, carried out with  the active partnership of States through  schools and academic/research institutions  spread across the country. The awareness  campaign saw a participation of about 28  lakh students in more than 13,000 schools  and reached out to 214 districts across 16  states of the country.

The Minister also spoke of the strong  policy leadership given by India during the  negotiations for the Kigali Amendment to  the Montreal Protocol. Dr Harsh Vardhan  said that it is recognized that India played a crucial role in the adoption of the Kigali  Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

A series of publications launched by  the Minister on the occasion include – a  handbook on HCFC Phase-out and Energy  Efficiency in Buildings; the first edition  of ‘newsTRAC; and a newsletter for  service technicians in Refrigeration and Airconditioning (RAC) sector.

These two publications were launched  as part of the enabling component of  India’s HCFC Phase out Management Plan,  for which United Nations Environment  is the cooperating agency and Energy  Efficiency Services Ltd. and The Energy and  Resources Institute (TERI) are the national  implementing partners. Two videos on India’s achievements in implementation of Montreal Protocol and HCFCs phase-out and Energy Efficiency in buildings were also launched.

MONTREAL PROTOCOL: A BRIEF BACKGROUND

The year 2017 marks the 30th Anniversary  of the Montreal Protocol on Substances  that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The Montreal  Protocol is one of the most successful  global environmental treaties, the  implementation of which has not only led  to the phase-out of around 98% of ozone  depleting chemicals, but also averted more  than 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide  equivalent emissions. Nearly 2 million  cases of skin cancer per year have been  averted globally. The Montreal Protocol is  the only environmental treaty which enjoys  universal ratification of 197 UN member  countries.

During the Kigali negotiations, India  piloted the concept of two base lines and a  differentiated phased down time schedule  to factor in the needs of developing  countries. This was the first time in the  Montreal Protocol that the concept of  two baseline has been adopted both for  developed and developing countries. On  India’s initiative, energy efficiency was  included for the first time in the Montreal  Protocol as an agreed finance solution while  phasing down HFCs.

India has consciously chosen a path  for most environment-friendly and energy  efficient technologies, while phasing out  Ozone Depleting substances, unlike many  of the developed countries. India is among  the few countries globally and a pioneer,  in some cases, in the use of non-ODS  low Global Warming Potential (GWP)  technologies.

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