THE AIM OF THE STUDY WAS TO EXAMINE THE IMPACT OF THE SCHEME IN TERMS OF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION AND IMPROVEMENT IN INCOME OF THE RURAL AND URBAN ARTISANS AND UNEMPLOYED YOUTH – BY PK GHOSH
New Delhi. Management Development Institute (MDI), Gurugram, one of the premier B-schools in India, has found that the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) has been able to provide Sustainable Employment.
MDI in its study found that the units set up under the scheme provided employment throughout year and for large number of years. The institute was entrusted with the task of conducting Evaluation Study of PMEGP in January, 2017.
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of the scheme in terms of employment generation and improvement in income of the rural and urban artisans and unemployed youth, major problems in implementation of Scheme and ways to resolve them and to make recommendations on making further improvements in the Scheme.
To conduct the study, the sample size was selected on stratified random sampling basis. The total number of micro units setup from 2012-013 to 2015-16 was 2,00,885 units. This units were taken into consideration, out of these a sample coverage of five per cent i.e. about 10,108 units were sought listed on random basis from among the three implementing agencies viz. KVIC, KVIB and DIC in proportion of 30:30:40.
Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Giriraj Singh was presented with evaluation study of the PMEGP.
The following were the key observations of the Study:
- Scheme has been able to provide Sustainable Employment. Units set up under the scheme provided employment throughout year and for large number of years.
- Scheme has good reach, it has targeted at almost all sections of the society (based on social background, education background, location etc).
- Average Employment per Project 7.62,
- Average Cost of Generating Unit Employment `96,209.
- Maximum Cost of Generating Unit Employment `2,75,621 (Nagaland).
- Minimum Cost of Generating Unit Employment`64,735 (Tamil Nadu).
- Average Cost per Project `7,33,423.
- Delay in the process of sanctioning of loans at different stages.
- Hypothecation & collaterals asked for.
- Physical verification & delay in adjustment of margin money.
- Records keeping, hand holding, access of data & reporting by implementing agencies.
- Marketing for products.
- Increased availability of field officers (They are a key connect between beneficiary and agencies and are currently sparse).
- EDP Training content needs to be more relevant and rigorous. On line EDP could be encouraged.
- Content partnership/Integration with MOOCs (Massive Open Online Coursewares) of recognized reputational technical and managerial institutes (such as IITs and IIMs).
- Agencies could consider hiring interns from leading management institutions (India/Abroad) to further handholding of beneficiaries
- Integration with Aadhar to authenticate the trainee identity and progress.
- Cash credit account (CCA) component of the loan could be reduced. Maximum CCA may range up to 40 per cent of total loan.
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME
PMEGP was launched to generate employment opportunities by establishing micro enterprises in urban as well as in rural area. Here are the objectives of this programme:
- Increase artisans’ wage earning capacity and contribute to raise the growth rate of urban and rural employment,
- Provide sustainable and continuous employment to a huge portion of prospective and traditional artisans as well as urban and rural unemployed youth to help arrest rural youth to urban areas migration.
- To facilitate participation of financial institutions for higher credit flow to only new micro enterprises.